Birth Control Methods

There are many types of birth control available today and they work in different ways. A birth control method can only work if it is used correctly. It is important that you learn some basic facts about each method so that you can make an informed decision as to which is best for you.

ABSTINENCE: Not having sex is the only 100% effective method of birth control. There are no health risks. There are moral benefits of abstaining from sex until marriage. (100% effective)

NEXPLANON (IMPLANT): A 4-centimeter rod is placed under the skin of the non-dominant upper arm. Once in place, Nexplanon releases a continuous low dose of hormone to help prevent pregnancy. Lasts up to 3 years. After 3 years, implant must be removed and replaced. May see changes in menstrual bleeding patterns. (+99% effective)

CONTRACEPTIVE PATCH: An adhesive patch that contains the same hormones as some birth control pills. Is worn on the body for a week at a time. Three patches are used per month. Increased risk of blood clots. (99% effective)

IUD (Intrauterine Device): A small device inserted inside the uterus. We offer Hormonal IUDs and Copper IUDs, which are hormone free. Effective for up to 10 years, depending on the type. May increase risk of pelvic infections or tubal pregnancy. Not generally recommended for teens or women with more than one sexual partner. (99% effective)

VAGINAL CONTRACEPTIVE RING: A small ring that contains hormones. It is placed in the vagina to prevent the release of an egg from the ovary. A ring is worn for three weeks at a time. (99% effective)

INJECTABLES: A contraceptive shot call Depo-Provera is given once every three months. May cause changes in menstrual flow. (97%-99% effective)

ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES (Pills): Birth control pills contain hormones that work by preventing the release of an egg from the ovary each month. Must be taken daily around the same time. (97%-99% effective)

CONDOMS: A thin sheath of latex rubber that fits over the penis. It prevents a sperm from getting inside the woman's vagina. Helps protect both partners from sexually transmitted diseases. No health risks. Some people experience irritation from the latex. More effective if used with a spermicide. (90% effective)

DIAPHRAGM (with Spermicide): A small round rubber cup which is placed in the vagina over the cervix. Must be used with a spermicidal cream or jelly. Keeps sperm from entering the vagina. No health risks if used correctly. Some people experience irritation from the latex. (80%-85% effective)

NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING: Avoiding sexual intercourse during the fertile days in a woman's cycle. Requires instruction from a health professional to determine the days of fertility. (Less than 80% effective)

SPERMICIDES (films, foams, creams, suppositories, jellies): Chemicals which kill sperm and come in different forms. Places in the vagina just before intercourse. No health risks. Some people may experience irritation from the spermicide. (79% effective)

STERILIZATION (Vasectomy, Tubal Ligation): Permanent method available to men and women who are absolutely sure they do not want children in the future. The male procedure is called a vasectomy and involves cutting and tying the tubes that carry sperm. The female procedure is called tubal ligation and involves cutting and tying the fallopian tubes. Referral only. (Both procedures are nearly 100% effective)

Birth control methods, other than condoms, do not protect you from sexually transmitted diseases. Condoms should be used along with birth control methods to help protect you and your partner from the spread of these diseases!